D898 and D1059 implemented a fallback behavior to handle the case
that the end user's iconv installation is broken (typically due to
running inside a chroot in which the necessary locale files and/or
gconv modules have not been installed). In this case, if the
program requests an ASCII locale, GHC's char8 encoding is used
rather than the program failing.
However, silently mangling data like char8 does when the programmer
did not ask for it is poor behavior, for reasons described in D1059.
This commit implements an ASCII encoding and uses it in the fallback
case when iconv is unavailable and the user has requested ASCII.